Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance. Your body needs some cholesterol, but it can build up on the walls of your arteries and lead to heart disease and stroke when you have too much in your blood. 73.5 million adults, or 31.7% in the United States have high LDL, or “bad,” cholesterol. Fewer than 1 out of every 3 adults with high LDL cholesterol has the condition under control and less than half of adults with high LDL cholesterol are getting treatment to lower their levels.
A fasting blood screen called a lipoprotein panel can measure your cholesterol levels and be used to diagnose a high cholesterol condition. The chart below provides a guide to optimal, intermediate and high cholesterol ranges.
High cholesterol can be managed and even reversed through a combination of treatments including medication (statins or cholesterol medications), a healthy, low-fat diet, and physical exercise. Contact the physicians at NorthShore Primary Care for details on how your specific case might be treated.