Twenty-nine million people in the United States, or 9.3%, have a diabetic condition. Diabetic conditions are a group of diseases that result in too much sugar in the blood (high blood glucose). The most common types are:
- Type 2 diabetes: A chronic condition that affects the way the body processes blood sugar (glucose). 90-95% of diagnosed cases are Type 2 diabetes.
- Type 1 diabetes or juvenile diabetes: A chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin.
- Prediabetes: A condition in which blood sugar is high, but not high enough to be type 2 diabetes.
- Gestational diabetes: A form of high blood sugar affecting pregnant women.
Diabetes is common among older people. In fact, almost 25 percent of the population aged 60 years and older has diabetes. Often, there are no symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they include excessive thirst or urination, fatigue, weight loss, or blurred vision.
A diabetes diagnosis is made with a fasting plasma glucose test. This blood test is taken in the morning, on an empty stomach. A blood sugar level of 126 mg/dl or above, on more than one occasion, indicates diabetes. A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dl is considered prediabetes.
The outlook for those with diabetes can be quite good. With lifestyle changes, weight loss, and medication, it’s possible to bring a blood sugar level back to normal. Regular screening for complications is also required. Contact the physicians at NorthShore Healthcare Primary Care for details on how your specific case might be treated.